The SRL&Group Bylaws stipulate that at least three-quarters of the members of the Board of Directors must be independent. Independence is defined in line with best practice corporate governance standards. To be considered independent a Group Board member may not be, and may not have been in the past three years, employed as a member of the Group EC, or by any subsidiary of the Swiss Re Group or may not have a material relationship with any part of the Swiss Re Group (either directly or as a partner, director or shareholder of an organisation that has a material relationship with the Swiss Re Group) other than serving as an independent board member in any subsidiary. In addition, the Group Board agrees on other criteria that disqualify a Group Board member from being considered independent, taking into consideration provisions of applicable law, regulations and best practice. All the members of the Board of Directors meet our independence criteria with the exception of our Chairman. As a full-time Chairman he is not considered independent.