Ensuring good corporate governance and compliance
Our governance standards and procedures apply throughout the Swiss Re Group.
Our Board of Directors closely monitors corporate governance developments globally, with a particular focus on trends in Switzerland, the US and the European Union. Institutional investors, in particular, are increasingly focused on greater transparency and greater accountability to shareholders on a broad range of corporate governance issues. Expectations of boards are shifting considerably, with the clearest example being the increased demands of shareholders for more meaningful and more frequent engagement with management and boards of directors. A key trend in engagement efforts is in the area of environmental, social and governance (ESG) matters.
Our Board of Directors is in a regular dialogue with our shareholders and welcomes the valuable feedback on our governance framework.
In our Corporate Responsibility Report, we highlight key elements of Swiss Re’s corporate governance, in particular with respect to its structure, the independence of the Board of Directors, conflicts of interest procedures and shareholder rights.
SWISS RE’S CORPORATE GOVERNANCE ADHERES TO
- the SIX Swiss Exchange’s Directive on Information Relating to Corporate Governance (including its annex) of May 2018;
- the principles of the Swiss Code of Best Practice for Corporate Governance (Swiss Code) of September 2014, issued by economiesuisse, the Swiss business federation; and
- the Swiss Financial Market Supervisory Authority (FINMA) provisions on corporate governance, risk management and internal control systems.
Swiss Re’s corporate governance furthermore complies with applicable local rules and regulations in all jurisdictions where it conducts business.
Swiss Re’s corporate governance framework
Swiss Re Ltd’s Board of Directors has the ultimate responsibility for the success and for delivering the sustainable interests of Swiss Re Ltd (SRL) and the Swiss Re Group within a framework of effective and prudent controls. It is responsible for the overall direction, supervision and control of SRL and the Group. It has delegated the management of SRL and the Group to the Group Executive Committee (Group EC). This structure maintains effective mutual checks and balances between these top corporate bodies.
SRL’s Articles of Association (AoA) define the legal and organisational framework of SRL as the Group’s holding company. The SRL Bylaws define the governance framework of SRL and the Group, including the responsibilities and authorities of the Board of Directors, Chairman, Vice Chairman, Lead Independent Director, Board committees, Group EC, Group CEO and of the other individual Group EC members including the Regional Presidents, as well as the relevant reporting procedures.
As determined by applicable law and the AoA, the Board of Directors has inalienable and nontransferable responsibilities and authorities. The Board of Directors has established five Board committees, which support the Board in fulfilling its duties. The Board of Directors has delegated certain responsibilities, including the preparation and execution of its resolutions, to the Chairman’s and Governance Committee, the Audit Committee, the Compensation Committee, the Finance and Risk Committee and the Investment Committee.
Independence of the Board of Directors and conflicts of interest procedures
The SRL Bylaws stipulate that at least three quarters of the members of the Board of Directors must be independent. Independence is defined in line with best-practice corporate governance standards. To be considered independent, a Board member may not be, and may not have been in the past three years, employed as a member of the Group EC, or by any subsidiary of the Swiss Re Group or may not have a material relationship with any part of the Swiss Re Group (either directly or as a partner, director or shareholder of an organisation that has a material relationship with the Swiss Re Group) other than serving as an independent board member in any subsidiary. In addition, the Board of Directors agrees on other criteria that disqualify a Board member from being considered independent, taking into consideration provisions of applicable law, regulations and best practice.
In particular, each of the Board members must annually confirm that he or she: has not been employed by the company in any capacity within the last five years; has not accepted or has a family member who accepted any payments from the company or any subsidiary of the company in excess of USD 60 000 during the current fiscal year or any of the past three fiscal years; is not a family member of an individual who is, or during the past three years was employed by the company or by a subsidiary of the company in any capacity; is not (and is not affiliated with a company that is) an adviser or consultant to the company or a member of the company’s senior management; is not affiliated with a significant customer or supplier of the company; does not have any personal services contract(s) with the company or a member of the company’s senior management; is not affiliated with a not-for-profit entity that receives significant contributions from the company; has not been a partner or employee of the company’s external auditor during the past three years and that he or she does not have any other conflict of interest that the Board of Directors determines to mean he or she cannot be considered independent.
All the members of the Board of Directors meet our independence criteria with the exception of our Chairman. As a full-time Chairman, he is not considered independent. In addition to the independence criteria applicable to Board members in general, additional independence criteria apply for members of the Audit Committee.
The members of the Board of Directors are also subject to procedures to avoid any action, position or interest that conflicts with an interest of SRL or the Swiss Re Group or gives the appearance of a conflict. Each member must disclose any conflict of interest relating to a matter to be discussed at a meeting, as soon as the member becomes aware of the conflict, to the Chairman. The respective member must not participate in the discussion and decision-making involving the interest at stake. The Chairman informs the Board of Directors of the existence of the conflict and it is reflected in the meeting minutes. Each member must disclose any conflict of interest generally arising to the Group Chief Legal Officer or in his absence to the Group Chief Compliance Officer in line with the standards and procedures set forth by the Personal Conflicts of Interest Instructions.
Shareholders’ participation rights
All shares issued by SRL are fully paid-in registered shares, each with a par value of CHF 0.10. Each share carries one vote. There are no categories of shares with a higher or limited voting power, privileged dividend entitlement or any other preferential rights, nor are there any other securities representing a part of SRL’s share capital. SRL cannot exercise the voting rights of treasury shares.
Voting right restrictions, statutory group clauses and exception rules
There are no voting right restrictions and no statutory group clauses (other than the limitations on nominee registrations) in place. Therefore, there are no procedures or conditions for cancelling restrictions and no rules on making exceptions to them. Accordingly, no such exceptions were granted in 2018.
Statutory rules on participating in the General Meeting of shareholders
Owners, usufructuaries or nominees entered in the share register as having voting rights on a specific qualifying day determined by the Board of Directors are entitled to one vote per share held at the General Meeting of shareholders.
SRL’s Articles of Association allow any shareholder with voting rights to have his or her shares represented at any General Meeting of shareholders by another person authorised in writing or by the Independent Proxy. Such representatives need not be shareholders.
Business firms, partnerships and corporate bodies may be represented by legal or authorised representatives or other proxies, married persons by their spouses, minors and wards by their guardians, even though such representatives are not shareholders.
Changes of control and defence measures
SRL has not put in place any specific measures to defend against potential unfriendly takeover attempts. SRL’s AoA neither contain an “opting up” nor an “opting out” provision. The Board of Directors believes that the company’s best protection is a fair valuation of its shares, and that the efficiency of a free market is preferable to artificial obstacles, which can have a negative impact on the share price in the long term.